On Sexual Harrasment
Republic of the Philippines
CONGRESS OF THE PHILIPPINES
THIRD REGULAR SESSION
BEGUN AND HELD IN METRO MANILA, ON MONDAY,
THE TWENTY-FIFTH DAY OF JULY, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND NINETY FOUR
[REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7877]
AN ACT DECLARING SEXUAL HARASSMENT UNLAWFUL IN THE EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION OR TRAINING ENVIRONMENT, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled:
Section 1: Title – This Act shall be known as the Anti-Sexual Harassment Act of 1995
Section 2: Declaration of Policy – The State shall value the dignity of every individual, enhance the development of its human resources, guarantee full respect for human rights and uphold the dignity of workers, employees, applicants for employment, students or those undergoing training, instruction or education. Towards this end all forms of sexual harassment in the employment, education or training environment hereby declared unlawful.
Section 3: Work, Education or Training Harassment Defined – Work, education, or training related sexual harassment is committed by an employer, employee, manager, supervisor, agent of the employer, teacher, instructor, professor, coach or any other person, who, having authority, influence, or moral ascendancy over another in a work or training or education environment, demands, requests or otherwise requires any sexual favor from the other, regardless of whether the demand, request, or requirement for submission is accepted by the object of said Act.
(a) In a work-related environment or employment, sexual harassment is committed when:
- The sexual favor is made as a condition in the hiring or in the employment, re-employment, or continued employment of said individual, favorable compensation, terms, conditions, promotions, or privileges; if the refusal to grant the sexual favor results in the limiting, segregating or classifying the employee which in any way would discriminate, deprive or diminish employment opportunities or otherwise adversely affect said employee;
- The above acts impair the employee’s rights or privileges under existing labor laws; or
- the above acts result in an intimidating, hostile, or offensive environment for the employee.
(b) In an education or training environment, sexual harassment is committed:
- Against one who is under the care, custody or supervision of the offender;
- Against one whose education, training, apprenticeship, or tutorship is entrusted to the offender;
- When the sexual favor is made a condition to the giving of passing grade, or the granting of honors and scholarships, or the payment of a stipend, allowance or other benefits, privileges, or considerations; or
- When the sexual advances result in an intimidating, hostile or offensive environment for the student, trainee or apprentice.
- Any person who directs or induces another to commit any act of sexual harassment as herein defined, or who cooperates in the commission thereof by another without which it would not have been committed shall also be held liable under this Act.
Section 4: Duty of the Employer or Head of Office in a Work-related, Education or Training Environment – It shall be the duty of the employer or the head of the work-related, educational or training environment or institution to prevent or defer the commission of acts of sexual harassment and to provide the procedures for the resolution, settlement or prosecution of acts of sexual harassment. Towards this end, the employer or head of office shall:
- Promulgate appropriate rules and regulations in consultation with and jointly approved by the employees or students or trainees, through their duly designated representatives, prescribing the procedures for the investigation of sexual harassment cases and the administrative sanctions therefor. Administrative sanctions shall not be a bar to prosecution in the proper courts for unlawful acts of sexual harassment. The said rules and regulations issued pursuant to this subsection (a) shall include, among others, guidelines on proper decorum in the workplace and educational or training institutions.
- Create a committee on decorum and investigation of cases of sexual harassment. The committee shall conduct meetings, as the case may be, with the officers and employees, teachers, instructors, professors, coaches, trainors and students or trainees to increase understanding and prevent incidents of sexual harassment. It shall conduct the investigation of alleged cases constituting sexual harassment.
In the case of a work-related environment, the committee shall be composed of at least one (1) representative each from the management, the union, if any, the employees from the supervisory rank, and from the rank and file employees.
In the case of educational or training institutions, the committee shall be composed of at least one (1) representative from the administration, the trainors, teachers, instructors, professors or coaches and students or trainees, as the case may be.
The employer or head of office, educational or training institution shall disseminate or post a copy of this Act for the information of all concerned.
Section 5: Liability of the Employer, Head of Office, Educational or Training Institution – The employer of head of office, educational or training institution shall be solidly liable for damages arising from the acts of sexual harassment committed in the employment, education or training environment if the employer or head of office, educational or training institution is informed of such acts by the offended party and no immediate action is taken thereon.
Section 6: Independent Action for Damages – Nothing in this Act shall preclude the victim of work, education or training-related sexual harassment from instituting a separate and independent action for damages and other affirmative relief.
Section 7: Penalties – Any person who violates the provisions of this Act shall, upon conviction, be penalized by imprisonment of no less than one (1) month nor more than six (6) months, or a fine of not less than ten thousand pesos (10,000) or more than Twenty thousand (20,000), or both such fine and imprisonment at the direction of the court.
Any action arising from the violation of the provisions of this Act shall prescribe in three (3) years.
Section 8: Separability Clause – If any portion or provision of this Act is declared void or unconstitutional, the remaining portions or provisions hereof shall not be affected by such declaration.
Section 9: Repealing Clause – All laws, decrees, orders, rules and regulations, other issuances, or parts thereof inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed or modified accordingly.
Section 10: Effectivity Clause – This act shall take effect fifteen (15) days after its publication in at least two (2) national newspapers of general circulation.
(SGD.) EDGARDO ANGARA
President of the Senate
(SGD.) JOSE DE VENECIA, JR.
Speaker of the House of Representatives
This Act which is a consolidation of House Bill No. 9425 and Senate Bill 1632 was finally passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate on February 8, 1995.
(SGD.) EDGARDO E. TUMANGAN
Secretary of the Senate
(SGD.) CAMILO L. SABIO
Secretary General House of Representatives
(SGD.) FIDEL V. RAMOS
President of the Philippines
* Published on February 18, 1995, Malaya, Manila, Philippines